Disable the Windows Firewall in Server 8 Beta, with Powershell
(Note: this will also work with Windows 8 Consumer Preview)
While troubleshooting an issue in windows server 8’s new Powershell Web Access, I had the need to disable the windows firewall. Normally I would use a “netsh firewall” command, but when running this in windows server 8 we receive the notification:
“In future versions of Windows, Microsoft might remove the Netsh Functionality for windows firewall with Advanced Security”
“If you currently use Netsh firewall to configure and manage Windows Firewall with advanced Security, Microsoft recommends that you transition to Windows Powershell.”
This message continues in the screenshot below:
So with the warning in mind, I decided it was time to learn the new thing for the day and off I went to find out how to quickly disable the firewall using powershell!
As above the first clue is in the message, a new module seems to be available on both Windows 8 and Server 8. So with a quick get-module -listavailable I can see netsecurity listed:
“So what commands can I use with the netsecurity module” I asked myself. I ran a quick “Get-Command -module NetSecurity” and was overwhelmed with a large list of potential candidates as below:
So I used the trusted “Import-Module NetSecurity” command and set about reading the help files. Or so I thought…
As with PowerShell 3.0, the helpfiles for Powershell are not completely installed by default, we need to run update-help to download the powershell help files. This is causing quite a debate in the powershell community, so I’m not going to get into this, personally I think its a good idea.
I’ll admit, this list had me scratching my head for some time, but I soon enough stumbled across the important command on this list for my objective. “Get-NetFirewallProfile”.
Get-NetFirewallProfile lists out the firewall profiles for your machine. The profiles are separated out into Domain, Public and Private as you can see in the screen-shot below:
Now that we’re aware of where the profiles live, its just a simple task of piping the current profiles, into a “Set-NetFirewallProfile” command to turn the profiles off.
Below is a quick on-liner to disable the windows firewall in Server 8 or Windows 8 completely:
Import-Module NetSecurity -ea Stop ; Get-NetFirewallProfile | Set-NetfirewallProfile -Enabled False
Import-Module NetSecurity -ea Stop ; Get-NetFirewallProfile | Set-NetfirewallProfile -Enabled True